This article, which is based on a review of the literature and the findings of a research project, focuses on Indigenous youth in two communities. One is a First Nation in eastern Canada and the other is in interior Brazil. The paper explores food security and cultural practices regarding food as part of Indigenous youth identity in two different parts of the world. The research methodology included the cultural practices and spirituality of those who participated. Findings from the project support and add to the existing literature, reveal many similarities between the two groups and offer suggestions for the development of youth leadership within Indigenous communities.

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